Here’s the deal: dark spots (or hyperpigmentation) can happen to just about anyone. Whether you’ve developed a bunch of freckles across your nose or are dealing with melasma associated with hormonal birth control, dark spots can occur naturally on the skin, regardless of your skin tone, age, or gender.
Though every skin types are undoubtfully beautiful, if you want to treat dark spots on your skin or prevent them from keep popping up, read on to discover the top easy and effective tips that you can instantly adapt from now on.
What Causes Dark Spots on Skin?
Dark spots can occur on the skin for several reasons—sun damage being the biggest culprit. Other causes of dark spots on the skin can include hormonal fluctuations or skin inflammation, such as acne, eczema, or even allergic reactions. Also, dark spots can go beyond just your face. They can occur on your neck, hands, or anywhere else on your body, too.
How to Get Rid of Dark Spots
If you’re dealing with dark spots on your face or body, fret not—there are many ways to help treat hyperpigmentation on your skin. From preventative measures to topical treatments and ways to cover them up in photos, below you’ll find the best ways to treat dark spots on the skin.
1. Start With Sunscreen, Always
Without question, the best preventative treatment for dark spots on the skin is to apply sunscreen religiously. You want to make sure you’re using a mineral or chemical sunscreen that’s at least SPF 30, and apply it on your face (before makeup), on the neck, and the back of your hands every two hours if possible.
2. Choose Products With Vitamin C
Vitamin C works wonders in helping to lighten dark spots, thanks to the natural brightening effect the ingredient has on the skin. You can find vitamin C in several different product types, including serums, facial moisturizers, and even sunscreens. Different types of vitamin Cs can be found in skincare products, but the most well-known and well-researched form is ascorbic acid or l-ascorbic acid.
3. Schedule a Chemical Peel
According to Mayo Clinic, chemical peels are a great treatment option to help fade dark spots fast. A chemical peel is done under a licensed esthetician or dermatologist’s care and involves applying a chemical solution to the skin to remove the top layers of the skin, where the dark spots have developed. Depending on the chemical and the strength used, your skin will begin to lightly peel anywhere from a few days to a week after your peel appointment.
The possible side effects of chemical peels include scarring, infection, and lightening or darkening of the skin, so it’s important to consult with a dermatologist or esthetician to make sure that a peel is right for your skin type before booking an appointment.
4. Opt For Hydroquinone and/or Retinoids
Another great treatment option for dark spots is prescription topical medications, including hydroquinone and retinoid. Both of these topicals will help fade dark spots over several months but may cause temporary redness, irritation, itching, burning, and/or dryness.